Tagged golden ratio

The making of an art quilt

Jonquils at Sea

“How long did it take you to make that?” is the question most often asked.  The honest answer? Weeks.  And months.  To create something original in stitched fabric – without a pattern, without a super clear direction – it does take a very long time as the piece builds upon itself before one’s very eyes.  It’s as though the piece has its own end in mind and you are just along for the ride.

And unlike paint that one can joyfully swath onto a canvas with immediate results, that moment of inspiration is delayed through the process of finding the correct colored fabric, cutting it, stitching it then ironing it and hoping it is what you see in your mind’s eye.  And if painting or dying fabric is involved, add another 5 or so steps.  Creating art with stitched fabric takes at least 5 times as long as painting a canvas of the same size.

Here is the process used to create “Jonquils at Sea” above.

The Inspiration.  In strolling thru my bins of fabric color one day, my eyes stopped at the blue grey.  That got my attention;  I could see that color mixed with the complimentary colors of yellow and orange.DSC05598DSC05593

The design.  I walked around that bin in the studio for several days waiting for the color inspiration to create an image in my mind of how it should take form.  Suddenly I had it, so sketched out the form and the proportions quickly while the actual details I held in my mind.  I like my finished work to be slightly off-square thus one side longer than the other.  I use the golden ration to decide where to divide that “square” into parts.  28″ ÷ 1.61803 = approx. 17″;  28″ – 17″ = 11″…….. 25″ ÷ 1.61803 = approx. 15″; 25″ – 15″ = 10″.

Jonquils sketch

The mechanics.  I thought for a while on how I would execute what I saw in my mind’s eye on that left hand section, I envisioned variegated patterning with little rectangular splotches of color set into that grey.  I dove in trying a technique I had used before, strip piecing that then gets cut into random curved lengths that are pieced and stitched as I go, deciding what the color and placement should take place after the last one has been done, pausing and pondering after each strip to create “intentional irregularity”.


Because of the very small piecing (some finished splotches of color are only 1/4″ square!) it makes for bulky bundles of seams.  I random pressed them with a hot iron and steamed to be the most flat; some inward, some outward.  It makes no difference with quilting in the end.DSC05560For the top right hand section I used my random square technique of simply starting with a square or rectangle (in this case the white) then piecing around it like a log cabin block,  only I don’t cut the strips square so it creates a off-centered look.  I consciously work at alternating values and colors so that the over-all effect looks evenly patterned.  Again, this takes time because each piece needs to be made to fit up against the former one creating sections of blocks that are then sewn together.  Most of the fabrics used were hand-painted or hand-dyed at another time, each one taking hours/days as color is layered and dried, layered and dried, then set, washed and cured.DSC05553

I had envisioned the lower right hand section to be hand painted section.  I did not have any pre-painted fabrics so I custom-created a piece just for this section.  I mixed the paint to match the fabrics already used, then made several tries until I got what I wanted.  The process for this type of finish is to paint the board then brayer the fabric into it.  The pieces that did not make the cut will be used later in something else just like the pieces I used in the yellow/orange section.DSC05631

When the quilt top is finally finished and pieced I then create a sandwich of plain colored backing with “bat” in between.  I hold it together with curved safety pins.  I then begin the process of stitching the layers together with quilting.  I used my own techniques; some to mimic the look of more paint splotches, some to reinforce the design and some to add visual interest.  Most of this was done by machine but a bit was also done by hand. DSC05601DSC05603 DSC05602DSC05600

Once the stitching is complete the quilt is stretched over canvas stretchers bars and finished with a paper backing like a finished painted canvas.  Whew.  Complete.

This quilt will be on display & for sale at the League of New Hampshire Craftsmen’s headquarters gallery exhibition, “Circles, Squares and Triangles” in Concord, New Hampshire July 11th through September 26th, 2014.  49 South Main Street across from the Capital Center for the Arts.  Join me at the opening reception Friday July 11th from 5 – 7.



What is beauty?

What is beautyA friend recently asked me if some of my clients features were more difficult to beautify than others.  When I responded “No.  Why do you ask?” she said, because she felt that some people “have more to work with” than others.  That statement really got me to thinking.

 How do we define beauty?

As a make-up artist I have trained my eye to make sense of the structure of the face relating the singular features through the use of color, emphasis and de-emphasis to reflect harmony resulting in personal beauty.  A stroke of the brush here or a stroke of the brush there…it is the same number of strokes on each person…but all are aimed at “balancing the face” to a proportion that we perceive to be beautiful.  But why do we consider this proportion beauty?

We recognize beauty in the familiar.

This mathematical proportion that we recognize occurs throughout our universe.  We see this Golden Ratio in the way leaves of a plant relate to their stem or the gradation of color in the rainbow and also in the construction of the healthy human body.  Because it is who we are and what we subconsciously recognize as familiar, we see those proportions as perfection and therefore beautiful.  Ask someone to walk into a room organized in a way that does not bear these proportions and they will immediately feel uncomfortable.  Look at a face that does not bear these proportions and we think it is unusual.

Dr. Stephen R. Marquardt of the Marquardt Beauty Analysis Foundation has been able to demonstrate this by creating a “beauty masque” using the Golden Ratio proportions that can be laid over a face as a measurement.  Faces that fall within the confines of this mathematical proportions we tend to see as classically beautiful.


However, we also recognize subconsciously that there are imperfections in nature including the human face.  In a recent On Being NPR broadcast, the astrophysicist Marcelo Gleiser    stated that the more we study physics the more we realize that “imbalance is life and that symmetry is stale”.  Artists know this; the painting that is slightly off-balance is more appealing that the one that is perfectly aligned.  An asymmetrical furniture arrangement is more inviting than those lined up symmetrically.

A natural, healthy face is not even side to side.  Even in a classically beautiful face that “fits” the Golden Ratio proportions, comparing side to side, one brow is lower than the other, one jaw is more protruding then the other and smiles are crooked.  Which of course is the problem with most plastic surgery or filler injections; they create symmetry where asymmetry is more natural.



It seems then that we recognize true beauty as some slight variation of the norm and that, as seen in nature, imperfection is the acknowledgment of life.

So this make-up artist cautions us all against the relentless striving to “correct” our features through injections, surgery or the over-use of cosmetics and instead learn to embrace that…


This interesting video demonstrates the Golden Ratio principle applied to a woman’s face.  Note that while the proportions fall exact in her face, there are still symmetrical imperfections.